Lilac is one of the most popular fragrant plants in our gardens. Multiplying lilac works very easily with a few tips.
The floral fragrance and bright colors make lilac a popular dweller in our gardens. Lilac grows quickly and densely, is robust and easy to care for. Its characteristic scent sweeten and draws numerous gardens and balconies in spring butterflies and bees on.
You can simply multiply your lilac bush yourself. Even drawn offshoots are also wonderful as an individual gift for plant lovers. However, not every kind of lilac is suitable for simple propagation.
Multiply lilac by saplings (runners)
Lilac ‘Syringa vulgaris’ in the garden
(Photo: CC0 / Pixabay / Couleur)
You can easily multiply your lilac with runners. The root extensions of the mother plant are referred to as such. The success rate with the Schössling method is high. It is particularly suitable for the common noble lilac (Syringa vulgaris), one of the most common types of garden lilac. Because it forms a particularly large number of saplings. Here’s how you do it:
- Separate the runners of the mother plant from the rest of the plant with a spade in spring or autumn.
- Re-plant the separated saplings at the desired location in your garden or first cultivate them in a sufficiently large container.
More information: Cut lilac: this is what you should pay attention to
Note: Lilacs from normal gardening stores are often processed plants. Types sold as "noble varieties" such as "Charles Jolie"Or"Ludwig Späth“Are propagated on seedlings of wild lilac. The same applies to some dwarf lilac varieties, such as "Palibin". The root system does not come from the designated noble variety, but from the original, robust wild variety. So don’t be surprised if your saplings differ in color and leaf size from the mother plant. If in doubt, you should inform yourself beforehand at the dealer about the breeding process of the mother plant. Of course, you can still multiply the wild saplings. In order to maintain the characteristics of the mother plant, you should better choose another method, such as the one Cuttings method (see section below).
Multiply lilac by cuttings
Cultivation of young plants
(Photo: CC0 / Pixabay / markusspiske)
This is especially the case with refined lilac varieties Propagate through cuttings the perfect choice. Less strongly growing varieties of miniature lilac, such as Preston hybrids (Syringa prestoniae), Syringa meyeri ‘Palibin’ and Syringa microphylla, are also suitable for this method.
When propagating through cuttings, you get offshoots that are genetically identical to the mother plant. So if you want to get an exact image of your lilac, you should choose the cutting method.
- Look for your plant during flowering in May and June Shoots with at least three leaf nodes from.
- Make sure that it is still woodless, young shoots These.
- Use a sharp knife or secateurs to separate the suitable cuttings just below or above a leaf knot. The plant contains a high amount of cambium. This is important for the later development of roots.
- Remove the lower leaves of the cutting and wound it on one side by gently tearing part of the bark.
- Put the cuttings in the soil immediately afterwards. A mixture of organic soil and sand, mixed with a little algae lime, is ideal here.
In this YouTube video you will be shown the individual steps again exactly on the plant:
Be patient with your cuttings. Root formation can take some time and many rooted cuttings only start to sprout in the following year.
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Sow lilac – what to look for?
Multiply lilac by sowing
(Photo: CC0 / Pixabay / Hans)
Sowing lilac is easy and always has surprises in store: you will only see the bloom and foliage of your new lilac after a few years. In this way, you can randomly breed your very own lilac varieties and get true specimens. Here’s how you do it:
- Harvest withered fruit from your lilac and separate them from withered leaves and plant parts in a sieve.
- Sow the remaining seeds in growing pots with organic soil and put them in a shady, cool place. The pots can remain outside over winter without a cover. In extreme cold or prolonged frost, however, you should take them inside as a precaution.
- Even if no sprouts will be seen for a while, the earth should never dry out.
- Cover the pots from January and place them in a cool, frost-free place. A is ideal Glasshouse. Now the seedlings can start to germinate.
- Prick the seedlings into individual pots in spring and plant them directly outside in autumn.
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